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Why we work in Guatemala and Malawi

Our research on the inclusive design of educational systems in development cooperation focuses on the two study countries Guatemala and Malawi.

These two countries have been chosen for several reason in order to facilitate the transfer and comparison of the results:

Guatemala and Malawi reflect a high variety of cultural, economic, demographical, political and social settings. This provides the possibility to extract detailed information on inclusion in education in contrasting national contexts. But despite the intended contextual diversity both countries face common challenges experienced by developing countries such as malnutrition, uneven distribution of income, poor health care conditions and weak governance structures. Additionally, similarities in emerging trends and interlinked challenges in the education sector can be observed, like providing access and quality education for all children especially the most vulnerable.

Guatemala and Malawi are long term partner countries of German Development Cooperation with a focal area on the promotion of education. In addition the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) selected in its Action plan for the Inclusion of People with Disabilities Guatemala and Malawi as main partners for the implementation of this framework in the area of education. With regards to the conduction of the research and the implementation process in the field; the experience and expertise of the GIZ education programs in those two countries are considered as very helpful. Last but definitely not least: Experience and knowledge about inclusive education by national government are in both countries relatively high. Own approaches of inclusive education or related special needs education have been developed and promoted previously. Governments and civil society expressed their interest in the research results and agreed in a close cooperation during the project duration.