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The goal

The overall goal of the project is to explore the driving mechanisms of inclusion and exclusion in education.

On the basis of the findings instruments for the promotion of inclusive education in development cooperation will be designed. The results will also be used for a political and technical dialogue with relevant stakeholders from academia, government, civil society. 

The approach

Inclusion is seen as a process which looks at the different educational needs of children, young people and adults. Successful inclusive education ensures joint learning by all population groups within an educational system. An inclusive learning environment allows every child to develop her/his individual potentials and achieve the best possible education based on the personal abilities. Inclusive education is a global concern that is underpinned by numerous international conventions and commitments.

At the same time, inclusive educational systems have to be adapted to the relevant local context; and each country has to be responsible for the development and implementation of measurements and activities.

Despite what we know about the causes of exclusion and disadvantage, applied research is still missing to pinpoint the mechanisms that determine the success or failure of inclusion in educational systems in developing countries. This makes it difficult to identify concrete countermeasure at the level of educational planning in technical cooperation programs.

The facts

refie is a 14-month project working at the interface between academic research and international development cooperation. The international research consortium refie conducts a detailed investigation in the two pilot countries Guatemala and Malawi starting December 2013. 

The organizational structure

refie organizational structure